It's clear that carbohydrates with protein affects insulin, thereby inducing glycogen synthesis. However, I was left thinking, “But what kind of carbohydrate is best?” And I found a study that suited my curiosity. One published in 2007 in J Int Soc Sports Nutr showed that 40 subjects who weight trained taking 40g of whey protein were also given 120g of sucrose, honey or maltodextrin (1). After 30 minutes, the honey group showed greatest glucose concentration and best degree of blood glucose maintenance; however, there was really no significant difference and either can be used (1).
1. Tipton KD, Elliott TA, Cree MG, Aarsland AA, Sanford AP, Wolfe RR. Stimulation of net muscle protein synthesis by whey protein ingestion before and after exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2007;292:E71-E76.